How to Install Mono 2.4.2.3 on CentOS 5

I am a .NET developer, but for the need of my job, I am also familiar with CentOS 5 and OpenVZ. I have installed Mono on my Windows XP environment before, and want to have a try Mono under CentOS 5.
This time I use a CentOS 5.2 VPS(a clean VPS I just created)to install the last version Mono(v2.4.2.3).
First of all, I tried the easiest way to install Mono,
#yum groupinstall Mono
But I noticed the version of Mono I installed is 1.2.4, seems that the lastversion of mono (2.4.2.3) is not in the CentOS package repositories.
Then I tried to find the last version distribution from Mono Home page and google, but no result, So I had to download the source code and compile it all by my self.
After some attempts, I got the following steps to compile and install the last version Mono on my CentOS 5.2 VPS host,
1.prepare the compile environment,
# yum install gcc bison pkgconfig glib2-devel gettext make

2.Go to this page and download the last version Mono(in my case, mono-2.4.2.3.tar.bz2),
#wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/mono/mono-2.4.2.3.tar.bz2

3.Extract the downloaded file,
# tar jxvf mono-2.4.2.3.tar.bz2

4.Change to the newly created directory,
# cd mono-2.4.2.3

5.I put my built packages in /opt so, run the following command to build mono,
# ./configure –prefix=/opt/mono; make; make install

6.Update ~/.bash_profile,

#echo export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/opt/mono/lib/pkgconfig:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH>>~/.bash_profile
#echo export PATH=/opt/mono/bin:$PATH>>~/.bash_profile
#source ~/.bash_profile

7. Test it,
#mono -V
and I got the output:

Mono JIT compiler version 2.4.2.3 (tarball Thu Oct 22 06:42:24 MSD 2009)

Copyright (C) 2002-2008 Novell, Inc and Contributors. www.mono-project.com
TLS: __thread
GC: Included Boehm (with typed GC)
SIGSEGV: altstack
Notifications: epoll
Architecture: x86
Disabled: none

Great, I got it.
I think I’d better put all script I used in one place,


mkdir ~/software
yum install gcc bison pkgconfig glib2-devel gettext make
wget http://ftp.novell.com/pub/mono/sources/mono/mono-2.4.2.3.tar.bz2
tar jxvf mono-2.4.2.3.tar.bz2
cd mono-2.4.2.3
./configure –prefix=/opt/mono; make; make install
echo export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/opt/mono/lib/pkgconfig:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH>>~/.bash_profile
echo export PATH=/opt/mono/bin:$PATH>>~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile
mono -V
cd ..
rm -rf mono-2.4.2.3

references,
Mono Home Page
[HOWTO] Install Mono 2.4 on CentOS 5.3

P.S.
In the next article, I will introduce how to let Apache to serve ASP.NET applications under Linux, How to Install XSP and Integrate XSP With Apache 2 Under CentOS 5

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